If you can’t identify a flooring term as you search our website, look it up here.
Refers to the location of a finished floor where the floor is not in contact with the ground and which provides at least 18 inches of well-ventilated space.
Liquid acrylic (and stain) injected throughout the surface layer of wood to fortify the fibers for added durability.
ADEX is an acronym for Awards for Design Excellence. It is the largest and most prestigious award for product design of furniture, fixtures and finishes marketed to designers. Armstrong vinyl sheet and laminate products are ADEX award winners.
A substance that bonds the floor to the subfloor.Back to Top
Refers to the location of a finished floor that is in direct contact with the ground or with less than 18 inches of well-ventilated space.
Bruce Lock Installation
Installation method for Bruce Laminate flooring which features a unique tongue-and-groove profile that allows for easy installation of boards by just locking edges into place. No glue required. Offers the tightest fit and provides virtually seamless appearance.Back to Top
A finishing molding piece used along the outermost edges of the floor where it meets the wall.Back to Top
The ability of flooring to retain its original dimensions during the service life of the product.
A design term that describes an aged, timeworn look.
DIY (Do it Yourself)
DIY is an acronym for “do it yourself,” referring to projects that can be installed without a professional. DIY levels range from easy to difficult. The more advanced levels require more complex tools and more DIY project experience.
DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate)
Direct pressure laminate is the most typical fusing method used to manufacture residential laminate flooring. With this method, the surface, inner layers and backing layer are fused in a single press operation.Back to Top
A term that describes the way hardwood and laminate board edges and ends are cut. Edges and ends are typically described as square, eased, beveled and microbeveled.
A manufacturing process that intensifies the depth, texture and realistic look of the floor by aligning the embossing with the printed design. This technique is used on Armstrong laminate and vinyl floor products.
A term describing hardwood construction. Engineered hardwood boards are manufactured from multiple layers – or plies – of solid wood assembled in a cross-ply construction. The top layer reveals the wood species and color visible when the boards are installed.Back to Top
The surface coating on pre-finished flooring. Usually either urethane or wax finish.
Installation method in which individual boards are glued only at edges and end joints, without direct attachment to the subfloor.
A floor that does not need to be nailed or glued to the subfloor and can be installed over most existing floors, including concrete, ceramic, vinyl, wood and even some indoor/outdoor carpet.
Screw-on attachments for the bottom of chair and table legs to distribute the weight of furniture evenly in order to reduce indentations in resilient floors. Abrasions can be prevented with unique, replaceable felt pads on the floor protectors.
FloorScore is a registered trademark of the Resilient Floor Covering Institute. Products with FloorScore Certification are guaranteed to meet or exceed low emission standards, will not adversely affect indoor air quality, and have passed a third-party certification process.
A bathroom with sink, toilet and bathing facilities including one or more of the following: shower, bathtub, Jacuzzi/whirlpool, spa, and sauna.Back to Top
G3™ Wear Layer
This durable wear layer protects against wear, stains and fading. It offers the best resistance to scratches and indentations for your laminate floor.
Different sheens that describe levels of gloss on the floor. They are: high gloss, semi-gloss, low gloss and ultra-low gloss.
Grade refers to the construction level relative to the ground around it. Below grade is below ground level, on grade is at ground level, and above grade is above ground level.Back to Top
A bathroom with only a sink and toilet; no bath, shower or spa.
Also called hand-sculpted. Hardwood planks are individually hand-scraped to create distinctive, one-of-a-kind floors.
Hi-Definition Print Technology™
Print technology used to create extremely realistic patterns. Colors are vibrant and natural with intensified depth and realism. The embossing technology infuses the look with depth and texture.
Hi-Definition Print Technology™ with VTx™
Our premium laminate collections feature superior print technology with in-register embossing for realistic color, grain, intensity and depth.
HPL (High Pressure Laminate)
High pressure laminate is an extra-hard fusing process used to manufacture laminate flooring. The surface, inner layers and backing layer are fused in a multiple-step press operation. This process creates the most durable laminate construction.Back to Top
Interlocking (Interlocking Floating)
An installation method that connects engineered hardwood or laminate boards to each other without the need for glue on the edges or ends. The boards lock together via a tongue-and-groove system. Interlocking floors “float” over the subfloor.
Refers to grade levels of the installation site.Back to Top
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A thermo-fused backing that provides additional strength and protection and ensures the floor stays flat, even when exposed to bottom-up moisture, which is particularly common with installations over concrete.
Hard surface flooring utilizing a fiberboard core and Melamine wear layer that is available in blocks, planks, and squares and can be installed as individual units.
Laminate Flooring Glue
Adhesive used to bond the tongue-and-groove edges of laminate flooring. Now in a "peel-able" formulation for easy cleanup.
Laminate Image Layer
The look of your laminate floor, in choices as varied as the entire North American woodland.
A clear wear layer for super protection, even against the harsh punishment of sunlight, stains and burns.
The industry’s fastest and easiest hardwood installation system. The system locks planks together without the use of glue, nails or staples.
Locking Installation System
Method of installing laminate flooring with a unique tongue-and-groove profile that allows for easy installation of boards by just locking edges into place. No glue is required. Allows for installation up to 50% faster than standard installation.Back to Top
Magnum HDF™ Core
All Bruce Laminate floors have a Magnum HDF Core with thermo-fused backing that forms a moisture barrier. There’s no need to worry about spills soaking in or moisture wicking up from the subfloor. The Magnum HDF Core also eliminates the need to acclimate planks in the home environment, so you can buy them and install them the same day.
Magnum Plus HDF™ Core
Featured in select premium floors, our Magnum Plus HDF™ Core is structured to give you the sound of real hardwood, along with excellent sound absorption. This innovative technology also offers superior resistance to surface spills and subfloor moisture.Back to Top
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Refers to the location of a finished floor with no part below ground, and with the floor and the ground in contact or separated by less than 18 inches of well-ventilated space.Back to Top
Inlaid woodwork in geometric forms, sometimes of contrasting woods, used in flooring. A common example is individual pickets of wood flooring, adhered together in groups of six pickets – then four picketed squares are alternately adhered to form a tile pattern.
A hardwood floor finish that contains a high level of aluminum oxide for superior resistance to surface wear-through.
Board width is 3” or greater.
Another word for a layer of wood, typically used to describe engineered hardwood construction layers.
A type of finish used on hardwood to protect it from damage. Polyurethane finishes do not require waxing.
Hardwood floors that are stained with color and sealed with a protective finish by the manufacturer prior to installation.Back to Top
Quarter Round Molding
Detail piece that finishes the space where hardwood or laminate flooring meets the wall.Back to Top
Molding that finishes the space between hardwood or laminate flooring and other flooring surfaces, like vinyl or carpet.Back to Top
Hardwood floors that are stained with color and sealed with a protective finish at the installation site by the installer. (the opposite of prefinished)
Manufactured from a solid piece of wood.
Type of tree, such as oak, cherry or walnut. Different wood species have different levels of hardness that affect durability; graining, which affects the board’s look; and indigenous color, which can be kept natural or stained.
A finishing piece applied to the forward edge of stairs, step-downs and landings, creating a rounded quality finish.
Board width is less than 3".
The traditional construction for engineered hardwood boards and laminate products. These products require the pieces to be glued to each other prior to installing over the subfloor.
A term often used in a guarantee or warranty to assure the floor’s composition/construction will remain intact.
The structural layer intended to provide the home's floor support, which may receive floor coverings directly if the surface is appropriate, or indirectly via an underlayment if the surface is not suitable.Back to Top
The term used to describe the surface look and feel of flooring. Textures can range from silky smooth to hand-scraped and distressed.
Molding piece that finishes the space between two areas of hardwood or laminate flooring. For laminate, it also fills the gap at doorways.
Installation accessory that bridges two floors of different heights to equalize the height differential. Transition strips are functional and decorative.
A finishing piece applied to the transition area where the wood transitions to another flooring level or another flooring type.Back to Top
Ultraviolet (UV) light is part of the light spectrum. UV light wavelengths cannot be seen by the human eye.
Layer of material usually installed on or over a subfloor that provides a surface suitable to receive a new floor covering.Back to Top
An Armstrong exclusive installation aid for sealing concrete with excess moisture, prior to installing the floor.
VOCs (volatile organic compounds)
VOC is an acronym for volatile organic compounds, which are gases that can trigger allergic reactions, asthma and upper respiratory infections. All Armstrong floors have very low VOC levels.Back to Top
The width of the individual wood boards that make up the floor. “Strips” are narrow boards measuring less than 3 inches wide. “Planks” are wider boards, measuring 3 inches wide or more.
The primary species from which the wood floor is made.
A type of paint that is very "thin," or low in viscosity, and formulated so that the pigment penetrates the surface rather than remaining in a film on top of the surface. The stain is predominantly pigment or dye and solvent with little binder.Back to Top